Kiev in the XIII century
Vladimir Monomakh came to power after popular uprising. Rebellion started in Kiev After Svyatopolk Izyaslavovich death and that’s when Vladimir came to power. Prince prevented rebellion but he realized that something should be changed. He decided to pay more attention to the lower strata of society and softened their position a bit. So the world saw the "Charter of Vladimir Monomakh", which became a part of the "Russian Truth". Particular attention in the "Charter" was given to taxes and labor organization.
At this time in ancient Kiev new techniques of designing streets and squares, which considered a legislative framework, started applying. They set in order and regulated the aesthetics of constructions. Podol at that time was the largest district, in the XII-XIII centuries its area was 200 ha., and in the center of Podol was annalistic "Torgovishte".
Buildings in Kiev were made mainly from wood; houses were generally two-storey. The city was planned in a manor-street scheme type. The main works were agriculture, craft and trade.
During this time, until 1132, Kiev was a center of Russian land, in any case, before death of Vladimir Monomakh and his son Mstislav the Great. Main power, including authority over the appanage princes, was owned by Kiev. But XII century became a turning point for Kiev. The city didn’t had its own dynasty, so power was claimed by princes of four principalities: Vladimir-Suzdal, Volyn, Smolensk and Chernigov. Because of internal problems Kiev became weaker and more pliable for external enemies. It was reason for Andrew’s Bogolyubsky strike (1169) - city was plundered. Princes, who seized power in Kiev, had a tendency to not stay in city and give it to their dependent relatives. The last blow was dealt in 1203 by Rurik Rostislavovich, when city was captured and burned. Wars of 1230-ies undermined might of Kiev, and that subsequently made city vulnerable to the Tatar-Mongol siege.