State awards of Ukraine at the National Museum of History of Ukraine
Since March 28, the State Awards of Ukraine exhibition at the National Museum of History of Ukraine, which presents virtually all state awards of independent Ukraine, begins its work.
The award system of Ukraine has deep historical roots, is based on the laws of heraldry, has a national character, reflects all aspects of life and activity of the Ukrainian people, corresponds to the greatest challenges of the present.
At the exhibition State Awards of Ukraine in the National Museum of History of Ukraine represented virtually all state awards of independent Ukraine. These are orders, medals, presidential honors, honorary titles of Ukraine, an honorary token of the laureate of the State Prize of Ukraine. All of them were handed over to the museum by the Department of State Awards of the Presidential Administration and its predecessors in the Administration.
The Ukrainian awards were preceded by simple badges and badges introduced on the initiative of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen during the First World War (1914-1918) among the Ukrainian volunteers who fought in the ranks of the Austro-Hungarian Army. The first preconditions for the introduction of state awards were in the early twentieth century. during the period of the liberation struggles of 1917-1920. Unfortunately, in the struggle for independence most of the awards plans of the Ukrainian state Hetman Pavlo Skoropadsky, the Ukrainian People's Republic of the Directory, and the Western Ukrainian People's Republic remained unrealized. Part of the UNR plans for the awarding was already implemented in emigration. The first such award was the Order of the Iron Cross, which was celebrated by the participants of the Winter Campaign.
Creation of a modern own system of state awards in Ukraine began with gaining independence. On August 18, 1992, the first award of the independent Ukraine was awarded - the Honorary Award of the President of Ukraine, which became not only the first state but also the first post-Soviet reward among the independent states that were formed on the territory of the USSR.
In the following years, the Order of Bohdan Khmelnytsky was established in the I-III centuries. (1995), "Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise" of five degrees (1995), "Order of Princess Olga" of three degrees (1997), etc.
Legislally consolidated the system of state awards of Ukraine adopted on March 16, 2000 by the Verkhovna Rada of the Law "On State Awards of Ukraine". According to the Constitution, the right to establish state awards belongs to the legislature in the person of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. The President of Ukraine, as the head of state, is entitled to award state awards to Ukraine, as well as the right to establish and award rewards to the President of Ukraine.
The highest state award of Ukraine is the title of the Hero of Ukraine, which is assigned to the citizens of Ukraine for the accomplishment of a prominent heroic act or a remarkable work achievement. It consists of two orders: the Order of the "Golden Star" for the performance of a prominent heroic deed and the Order of the State - for outstanding work achievements (founded in 1998).
In addition to the Orders, Ukrainian citizens for military victory and labor exploits are awarded with medals, namely: "For military service to Ukraine" (1996), "For impeccable service" (1996), "Defender of the Fatherland" (1999), "For the saved life" (2008).
The exhibition will be open on March 28 at the second floor of the National Museum of History of Ukraine (Volodymyrska St., 2).
For more information, call 068 086 56 07 (Marina).
Information on the site of the museum: